Dry CargoEnvironmentRegulatory

Capes among the most exposed ship types with incoming EEXI legislation

Capesize owners are likely to be among the hardest hit when new Energy Efficiency Existing Index (EEXI) rules kick in on January 1 next year.

UK-based consultancy Maritime Strategies International (MSI) has debuted a new environmental benchmarking tool to assist owners, charterers and financiers as the new rules such as EEXI and the Carbon Intensity Indicator (CII) start.

MSI assessed the EEXI values of the global dry bulk fleet by using a range of data sources, sense-checked with a selection of owners. It estimates that just under 80% of dry bulk ships will not meet EEXI regulations and in almost all cases, MSI believes that dry bulk vessels will fit an engine power limiter (EPL) to meet the requirements.

Early analysis suggests that the capesize fleet, ironically given its young age, could be impacted the most. This is because a large share of the existing fleet was constructed between 2006-2011, before more fuel-efficient designs were developed in 2013-14.

“Older vessels requiring a large EPL to meet EEXI criteria would have the least flexibility of operations, reducing their potential to speed up to meet laycan windows when faced with delays such as those caused by bad weather; ultimately this would lead to lower cargo volume and a reduction in potential freight revenue, reducing the economic life of a ship,” said Will Fray, a director at MSI. “A significant number of 10- to 15-year-old ships are at risk and over the next five years will age into a bracket much more susceptible to being scrapped, particularly if freight markets decline from today’s levels, as forecasted by MSI.”

Sam Chambers

Starting out with the Informa Group in 2000 in Hong Kong, Sam Chambers became editor of Maritime Asia magazine as well as East Asia Editor for the world’s oldest newspaper, Lloyd’s List. In 2005 he pursued a freelance career and wrote for a variety of titles including taking on the role of Asia Editor at Seatrade magazine and China correspondent for Supply Chain Asia. His work has also appeared in The Economist, The New York Times, The Sunday Times and The International Herald Tribune.
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