After a four days of negotiations at the UN’s International Maritime Organisation (IMO) in London this week, and a day before an historic decision to cut the global shipping sector’s greenhouse gases is due, calls for unity and consensus were made from both developing and developed countries around the world during what has been a marathon meeting of the Marine Environment Protection Committee.
Out of 173 IMO member states, only two have made an official objection to the draft text – Saudi Arabia and the US. All other member states from around the world are either openly or tacitly supporting the draft text, and its passage through to committee stage Friday.
Argentina and Brazil had been vocally fighting the outright reduction target but have gone quiet in the last day and did not reserve their position on the draft text, potentially paving the way for an agreement Friday which is traditionally done by consensus.
The draft text would see total shipping sector greenhouse gas emissions slashed by “at least” 50% by 2050, from 2008 levels, implying anywhere between 50% and 100%.This wording was crucial to keeping Pacific Island states delegations onboard, many of whom were required by their governments to keep open full carbon neutrality by this date, as a condition of meeting the Paris Agreement temperature goal of limiting global warming to 1.5C.
The draft also commits to pursuing the phase out of emissions “on a pathway of CO2 emissions reduction consistent with the Paris Agreement temperature goals”.
The deal is expected to be finalised later today and Splash will be providing an update from London this evening.